How does the organization of the US government reflect the ideas of Enlightenment philosopher Baron de Montesquieu?

QUESTION POSTED AT 03/12/2019 - 12:33 PM

Answered by admin AT 03/12/2019 - 12:33 PM

The main way in which the organization of the US government reflect the ideas of Enlightenment philosopher Baron de Montesquieu is that it operates solely on the principle of popular sovereignty--meaning that people elect other people to make choices for them. The state serves them, not the other way around. 
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What did Ancient Greek philosophers like Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle want to find out?

The main thing that the Ancient Greek philosophers like Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle wanted to find out was how the human mind works--specifically how humans make decisions, and how they interact with each other. 

ANSWERED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:38 PM


QUESTION POSTED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:38 PM

How did southern states react to the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 A. They felt they had no voice in national government B. They were unhappy, but accepted the new president as their leader C. They seceded and elected Breckinridge as president D. They called for a nation wide recount of votes

Answer;
C. they seceded and elected Breckinridge as president.
Southern states react to the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 is that: They seceded and elected Breckinridge as president.

Explanation;
Southern states were not prepared to have a Republican president especially not Abraham Lincoln who raised serious questions about slavery. Lincoln was against the spread of slavery, and made his position in public. Prior to Abraham Lincoln's election in 1860, the southern states had already threatened to secede. After the elections, and by the time he was giving his inauguration speech in 1861, seven southern states lived up to their threats and seceded.  

ANSWERED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:35 PM


QUESTION POSTED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:35 PM

Only ideas that have been proved through repeated observations and experiments should be accepted. This statement describes a development of thought during which period? a. Reformation b. Scientific Revolution c. Renaissance d. Glorious Revolution

This statement describes a development of thought during the "Scientific Revolution," since this brought about a reliance on observable data rather than relying on religious dogma and superstition. 

ANSWERED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:34 PM


QUESTION POSTED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:34 PM

How was the process of industrialization similar in Japan and Great Britain? A. Both countries developed railroads and other heavy industry, but suffered through massive famines. B. Both countries saw economic growth, but experienced increased overcrowding and pollution. C. Both countries initially followed capitalism, but eventually developed socialist governments. D. Both countries relied on child labor, but passed laws guaranteeing that all adults earned equal wages.

The process of industrialization similar in Japan and Great Britain as both countries saw economic growth, but experienced increased overcrowding and pollution. Option B is correct.

Industrialisation is the period of social and economic change that transformed a human group from an agrarian society into an industrial society, involving the extensive re-organisation of an economy aiming at manufacturing.

ANSWERED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:33 PM


QUESTION POSTED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:33 PM

How were state constitutions helpful to the writing of the U.S. Constitution? A. The state constitutions contained no guaranteed rights, so the authors of the U.S. Constitution left them out. B. Most states had learned that having a strong central government was a mistake. C. Small and large states readily agreed on how to set up a national legislative body. D. The authors of the state constitutions had learned lessons that were useful in writing a new U.S. Constitution.

One of the main ways in which the state constitutions were helpful to the writing of the U.S. Constitution was that "D. The authors of the state constitutions had learned lessons that were useful in writing a new U.S. Constitution," since during this time many of the states operated as small "country" systems when it came to governance. 

ANSWERED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:28 PM


QUESTION POSTED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:28 PM

What role did martin luther and his ideas play in the reformation

Martin Luther started the entire Protestant Reformation, since his ideas revolved around the idea that the Catholic Church had become corrupt, was was losing what it meant to have a true, pure, relationship with God. 

ANSWERED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:24 PM


QUESTION POSTED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:24 PM

Which of the following ideas was popularized in the United States by William Blackstone? A. The U.S. government should be divided into three equal branches. B. The United States should declare its independence from Great Britain. C. Those accused of crimes should be considered innocent until proven guilty. D. The government does not have the right to limit a person's speec

One of the main ideas that was popularized in the United States by William Blackstone was that "C. Those accused of crimes should be considered innocent until proven guilty," since one of Blackstone's most famous comments was that "It is better that ten guilty persons escape than one innocent suffer."

ANSWERED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:24 PM


QUESTION POSTED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:24 PM

What role did martin luther and his ideas play in the reformation

Martin Luther was in fact the major founder o the Protestant Reformation--beginning with his famous "95 Thesis" which outlined why he believed the Church had "lost its way," and become corrupt and misguided. He was especially against the sale of indulgences. 

ANSWERED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:24 PM


QUESTION POSTED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:24 PM

The primary purpose of administrative laws are: a. to protect citizens rights b. to define structure and power of government agencies c. to ensure basic human rights in international treaties d. to maintain order and protect citizens

The primary purpose of administrative laws are "b. to define structure and power of government agencies," since in order for these agencies to do their job effectively, they must have limits and orders set on their power by Congress. 

ANSWERED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:15 PM


QUESTION POSTED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:15 PM

Which statement best describes the colonial attitude before the 1760s.. Most colonists wanted complete independence from Great Britain. The colonists thought they should be granted more freedoms than the British citizens living in England received. Most colonists wanted to transfer their loyalties to the French government. Most colonists wanted the same rights and privileges enjoyed by British citizens living in England.

The correct answer is Most colonists wanted the same rights and privileges enjoyed by British citizens living in England.


Considering that the American colonists were controlled by the British in a legal and economic sense, the colonists felt that they should have the same rights and privleges as other British subjects. One of the most significant rights that the British citizens possessed but the colonists did not was the ability to pick representatives in the British parliament. American colonists felt it was unfair that the British parliament, which was thousands of miles away from the colonies, could make laws without their consent. This idea was later manifested in the popular phrase "no taxation without representation."

ANSWERED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:15 PM


QUESTION POSTED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:15 PM

Which of the following documents is a foundation for the American values of self-government and limited power? a. the 1 Bill of Rights b. the Mayflower Compact c. the Virginia Declaration of Rights d. the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

It would be "d. the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut," that is considered the foundation for the American values of self-government and limited power, since this was one of the major inspirations for the American Constitution. 

ANSWERED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:13 PM


QUESTION POSTED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:13 PM

Who was the Hellenistic (Greek) mathematician who invented the compound pulley and is known for his work with the laws governing simple machines? a. Pythagoras b. Euclid c. Archimedes d. Hippocrates

Who was the Hellenistic (Greek) mathematician who invented the compound pulley and is known for his work with the laws governing simple machines was "Archimedes," since he was one of the greatest inventors of all time. 

ANSWERED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:12 PM


QUESTION POSTED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:12 PM

Whose Enlightenment principles did Thomas Jefferson build upon when he drafted the Declaration of Independence? a. John Adams b. John Locke c. King George III d. George Washington

It was primarily the Enlightenment principles of "John Locke" that Thomas Jefferson built upon when he drafted the Declaration of Independence, since Locke was a firm believer that the people have a right to replace their government if that government becomes tyrannical. 

ANSWERED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:11 PM


QUESTION POSTED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:11 PM

Which statement is an accurate description of the U.S. Constitution? a. It proclaimed that “we the people” are the source of the basic law of the land. b. It named George Washington as the new country's president-for-life. c. It was copied almost word for word from the French Constitution. d. It established a federal government with two branches of power.

The best statement from the list would be that the US Constitution "a. It proclaimed that “we the people” are the source of the basic law of the land," since the Founding Fathers wanted to sovereignty of the nation to come from the people themselves, not a potential despot. 

ANSWERED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:06 PM


QUESTION POSTED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:06 PM

An example of a Government power shared by the National and state government is the power to

An example of a Government power shared by the National and state government is the power to tax and borrow money.

ANSWERED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:05 PM


QUESTION POSTED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:05 PM

Why are some Turkish citizens upset by a 2008 law that allows women to wear traditional headscarves at the government-run universities? A. They believe government should not decide what students may wear. B. They feel the law violates the requirement for government to be non-religious. C. They believe that students should wear only official uniforms. D. They feel the government should enforce equal religious rights for everyone.

The correct answer is B. . They feel the law violates the requirement for government to be non-religious.

In Turkey, the ban on headscarves is associated with the attempt to make the country secular - that is independent of religion. A ban on head-scarfs at Universities underlines that those institutions are independent of religion.

ANSWERED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:04 PM


QUESTION POSTED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:04 PM

Suppose you work for a government agency that regulates the buying and selling in the country. Which main purpose of government is your agency serving?

If you work for a government agency that regulates the buying and selling in the country, then your government is operating a "command economy" in which it tries to maximize GDP by "guessing" and controlling what products will be needed the most--instead of letting the free market "decide". 

ANSWERED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:03 PM


QUESTION POSTED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:03 PM

If a government building was bombed in Anchorage, Alaska, what type of terrorism would it be considered? a.state terrorism b.federal terrorism c.domestic terrorism d.international terrorism

The right answer is domestic terrorism (C), as defined in Section 802 of the USA Patriot Act: 1) A dangerous act or activity to human life that is a violation of the criminal laws of any State or of the United States, 2) That occurs primarily within the territorial jurisdiction of the United States, and 3) That appears to be intended to intimidate or coerce a civilian population; to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping. Since the terrorist or terrorists bombed a government building, it is plausible to believe that he/she or they intended to intimidate or have an effect on the conduct of the state or the federal government.    

ANSWERED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:03 PM


QUESTION POSTED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:03 PM

In a cost-benefit analysis done by a government, “cost” is defined as

Generally speaking, in a cost-benefit analysis done by a government, “cost” is defined as the negative aspect of what will happen if the government decides to go through with whatever they're debating. It's what the government will lose as a result of this action. 

ANSWERED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:01 PM


QUESTION POSTED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:01 PM

Which of the following explains one of the motivations behind Great Britain becoming involved in the Haitian Revolution? A. It wanted to prevent slave revolts from spreading to its Caribbean colonies. B. It believed that Haiti would be valuable in a war against Napoleon. C. It hoped to strengthen its military alliance with the French. D. It wanted to spread Enlightenment ideals throughout the world.

The main motivations behind Great Britain becoming involved in the Haitian Revolution was that "B. It believed that Haiti would be valuable in a war against Napoleon," since the British were wrapped up in a violence conflict with France at the time. 

ANSWERED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:00 PM


QUESTION POSTED AT 15/12/2019 - 11:00 PM

A potential cost for a government leader using a cost-benefit analysis is

A potential cost for a government leader using a cost-benefit analysis is that the leader will fail to consider all the variables that will contribute to the outcome of whatever he or she is planning, since it is often hard to anticipate all possible scenarios in such an analysis. 

ANSWERED AT 15/12/2019 - 10:59 PM


QUESTION POSTED AT 15/12/2019 - 10:59 PM

Which statements accurately explain why the Renaissance began in the Italian city-states? Choose all answers that are correct. a. Italy is in a good, central location for business and commerce so traders maintained contact with people and ideas from other places. b. Italian city-states were unified under one central government long before most other European countries, and that allowed the government to sponsor the arts. c. Italy had been the center of the Roman Empire, and people there saw Roman ruins and knew about the classics. D Pope Pious X built an art school in Florence th

The statements that best explain why the Renaissance began in the Italian city-states would be that "a. Italy is in a good, central location for business and commerce so traders maintained contact with people and ideas from other places" and "Italy had been the center of the Roman Empire, and people there saw Roman ruins and knew about the classics," although a greater example is that there were many rich patrons who were willing to subsidize many art projects and artists. 

ANSWERED AT 15/12/2019 - 10:58 PM


QUESTION POSTED AT 15/12/2019 - 10:58 PM

Which accurately summarizes Montesquieu's influence? a. He convinced England's Parliament to grant Oliver Cromwell religious, as well as political, power. b. His belief in separation of powers led to the three of branches of government established in the United States Constitution. c. John Locke took his ideas on the natural rights of life, liberty, and property from Montesquieu. d. Scientific experimentation became accepted practice because of Montesquieu's writings.

The best option in terms of Montesquieu's influence would be that ". His belief in separation of powers led to the three of branches of government established in the United States Constitution," since he believed that this was the most effective way to prevent tyranny. 

ANSWERED AT 15/12/2019 - 10:58 PM


QUESTION POSTED AT 15/12/2019 - 10:58 PM

The system of government by privileged citizens or the upper class is called: socialism autocracy aristocracy democracy

I believe the answer is: aristocracy

These privileged citizens obtained their positions through blood line rather than their individual efforts, which make a select few of people destined to be nobles without having any accomplishment. This is the type of government that exist in France prior to the French revolution.

ANSWERED AT 15/12/2019 - 10:55 PM


QUESTION POSTED AT 15/12/2019 - 10:55 PM

What are the three branches of government ? list one group or part for each branch

The three branches of government are the Legislative, Executive, and the Judiciary.

The Legislative branch is composed of the Senate and House of Representatives. It makes the laws and approves presidential appointment.

The Executive branch is headed by the President, other member of this branch are the Vice-President, Executive Office of the President, and the Cabinet. The president signs the legislation into laws or vetoes it. He is also tasked to enforce and implement the laws set in place by the Congress. 

The Judicial branch is made up of Judges and courts. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the United States. The judges and courts are tasked to interpret the laws made by Congress and to ensure that said laws are not against the Constitution. 

ANSWERED AT 15/12/2019 - 10:48 PM


QUESTION POSTED AT 15/12/2019 - 10:48 PM

The Constitution establishes three branches of government that share identical powers. have different powers. are led by the legislative branch. are led by the judicial branch.

The three branches of government have different powers. The legislative branch, which would include the Senate and other law making bodies, have the power to make laws and pass laws that the people will obey. The administrative branch is in charge of implementing those laws as well as implementing projects for the betterment of the country. They are basically the branch that does the execution of things. Last, the judicial branch is the one that provides justice based on the law. They have the last say when it comes to judging what is right and wrong under the law. 

ANSWERED AT 15/12/2019 - 10:48 PM


QUESTION POSTED AT 15/12/2019 - 10:48 PM