The correct answer is Raphael
The Renaissance was a historical period from the 14th to the 17th century during which the main focus was the values and features of the Classical period which refers to Ancient Greece and Rome, this new paradigm affected the European society in different ways including music, literature, and art. In the case of art, new styles, models and artists emerged, the most prominent artist also called the "Big Three" were Leonardo da Vinci, Michaelangelo, and Raphael, all of this artists focused on religion including madonna paintings which were the paintings that represented Mary, the mother of Jesus. However, in the case of Raphael, his work was especially admired due to its composition and even when he was the youngest of the Big Three and eid when he was only 37 he left multiple works including famous portraits such as the "Portrait of Pope Julius" and famous painting including "The School of Athens". Thus, the artist described in the paragraph of the question is the Italian artists Raphael.