What case allowed states to place reasonable restraints on abortion, ie parental signature?

QUESTION POSTED AT 22/01/2020 - 01:57 AM

Answered by admin AT 22/01/2020 - 01:57 AM

The Pennsylvania legislature amended its abortion control law in 1988 and 1989. Among the new provisions, the law required informed consent and a 24 hour waiting period prior to the procedure. A minor seeking an abortion required the consent of one parent (the law allows for a judicial bypass procedure). A married woman seeking an abortion had to indicate that she notified her husband of her intention to abort the fetus. These provisions were challenged by several abortion clinics and physicians. A federal appeals court upheld all the provisions except for the husband notification requirement.

In a bitter, 5-to-4 decision, the Court again reaffirmed Roe, but it upheld most of the Pennsylvania provisions. For the first time, the justices imposed a new standard to determine the validity of laws restricting abortions. The new standard asks whether a state abortion regulation has the purpose or effect of imposing an "undue burden," which is defined as a "substantial obstacle in the path of a woman seeking an abortion before the fetus attains viability." Under this standard, the only provision to fail the undue-burden test was the husband notification requirement. The opinion for the Court was unique: It was crafted and authored by three justices.

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Related questions

List and explain the 8 events that led America to gain the entire continental United States

Not listed in order:

1. Stamp Act Congress
2. The fight of Lexington and Concord
3. Boston Tea Party
4. Second Contiental Congress
5. Lee's Resolution
6. The battle of Bunker Hill
7. Boston Massacre
8. The Declaration of Independence

These were the few of many events that started the United States of America.

ANSWERED AT 20/02/2020 - 10:56 AM

QUESTION POSTED AT 20/02/2020 - 10:56 AM

Which best describes Carrie Chapman Catt’s “Winning Plan” to achieve national women's suffrage? to demand a constitutional amendment instead of campaigning for suffrage in individual states to campaign strongly for women’s suffrage on the state level instead of lobbying Congress to pass a constitutional amendment to win women’s suffrage in as many states as possible while campaigning Congress to pass a constitutional amendment to amend the US Constitution to grant women suffrage and then establish it in individual states

I believe the answer is: to win women's suffrage in as many states as possible while campaigning Congress to pass a constitutional amendment.

Catt's winning plan revolve around selecting the government representatives that openly support suffrage movement to have a position in the legislative body.

By doing this in as many states as possible, the suffrage movement would have enormous power that force the federal government to conform and created an amendment to guarantee women's right to vote.

ANSWERED AT 20/02/2020 - 10:55 AM

QUESTION POSTED AT 20/02/2020 - 10:55 AM

Powers shared by the federal and state are called?

They are called concurrent powers. 
Delegated powers 
are the ones meant for the federal government.
Reserved powers are powers meant for the state. The 10th ammendment states that all powers not delegated are left for the states.

ANSWERED AT 19/02/2020 - 03:28 PM

QUESTION POSTED AT 19/02/2020 - 03:28 PM

This category of domesticated birds is a primary agricultural output of the state of Georgia

It is different types of poultry. 

ANSWERED AT 19/02/2020 - 11:45 AM

QUESTION POSTED AT 19/02/2020 - 11:45 AM

The nation that did not take part in the potsdam meetings was: 1.russia 2.france 3.great britain 4.the united states


2. France


ANSWERED AT 19/02/2020 - 01:11 AM

QUESTION POSTED AT 19/02/2020 - 01:11 AM

Which term best describes a body of law based on custom and general principles, operating through the use of individual cases as precedents for future decisions?


Explanation:the answer would be common law

ANSWERED AT 19/02/2020 - 01:08 AM

QUESTION POSTED AT 19/02/2020 - 01:08 AM

The Atlantic Charter confirmed that the United States and Great Britain believed in which of the following ideals? Democratic nations lack the authority to control totalitarian nations. Democratic nations have the right to build up their militaries in peacetime. Every nation has the right to choose its own form of government. This one - All countries have the right to expand their territories without limits.

The Atlantic Charter confirmed that the United States and Great Britain believed in the the idea that "Every nation has the right to choose its own form of government." This was just one of 8 major principles that the charter outlined between the United States and Great Britain. 

ANSWERED AT 19/02/2020 - 01:05 AM

QUESTION POSTED AT 19/02/2020 - 01:05 AM

In a paragraph, describe what you think Roosevelt meant when he described the United States as the 'arsenal of democracy.'

1) American factories would protect democracy in Europe.2)Weapons would be necessary to defend democracy from Hitler.3)The United States is like a warehouse, or protector, of democracy.4)It is important to protect democracy, even if it means making weapons of war.

ANSWERED AT 19/02/2020 - 01:02 AM

QUESTION POSTED AT 19/02/2020 - 01:02 AM

How did the 19th Amendment change the voting system in the United States?

Ratified on August 18, 1920, the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution granted American women the right to vote—a right known as woman suffrage. At the time the U.S. was founded, its female citizens didn't share all of the same rights as men, including the right to vote.

ANSWERED AT 19/02/2020 - 01:01 AM

QUESTION POSTED AT 19/02/2020 - 01:01 AM

When the u.s census is completed each state is notified how it population affects its number of congressional districts this process is called

Hope this helps you 

ANSWERED AT 19/02/2020 - 12:58 AM

QUESTION POSTED AT 19/02/2020 - 12:58 AM

Who has the biggest signature on the Bill of Rights?

John Hancock’s Signature.

ANSWERED AT 19/02/2020 - 12:04 AM

QUESTION POSTED AT 19/02/2020 - 12:04 AM

Another type of jiont that allows a small amount of movement is called a

Another type of joint that allows a small amount of movement is called an amphiarthrosis. 

ANSWERED AT 18/02/2020 - 11:59 PM

QUESTION POSTED AT 18/02/2020 - 11:59 PM

The united states and mexico are

Bordering Countries                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

ANSWERED AT 18/02/2020 - 11:57 PM

QUESTION POSTED AT 18/02/2020 - 11:57 PM

Was imperialism a proper and legitimate policy for the United states to follow at the turn of the nineteen century?

Well, perhaps for the Americans it was, although they cheated because imperialism or colonialism was viewed negatively from an international standpoint, but they managed to annex Hawaii (undemocraticaly) and to keep Puerto Rico as a colony disguising it for a Common Wealth ( in the fifties). They helped Cuba out in their independence, but managed it through its puppet government, as well as some other Latin American countries. They also controlled the Philippines, despite the fact that they achieved their independence. The American Virgin Islands, Guam, Mariana islands are still colonies, or were until just recently. 

It may have been legitimate at the turn of the 19th century, but by the mid 1900s, there was much international pressure to solve the colonial situation because it was viewed as immoral: people have a right to self-government and or sovereignty. Yet, the Americans managed to cheat this.

ANSWERED AT 18/02/2020 - 11:48 PM

QUESTION POSTED AT 18/02/2020 - 11:48 PM

What is a key reason that women supported the idea of temperance?

Women were the major force behind the temperance movement, they were afraid of things such as: abuse, disease, and poverty brought on by alcohol.

ANSWERED AT 18/02/2020 - 11:40 PM

QUESTION POSTED AT 18/02/2020 - 11:40 PM

What does the Ninth Amendment state? In one or two sentences, explain the amendment in your own words.


Just because the right in not exclusively stated in the constitution or the bill of right it does not mean that people of America do not have other rights.


  • Ninth amendment state that citizens have other rights even if they are not listed in the constitution or the bill of rights as belonging to the state or national government.
  • The ninth amendment has been used by the supreme court to define the limits of the government violation of the personal liberty of the person.
  • The supreme court has determined some of these unlisted rights include such as:
  1. The right of a woman to choose to have an abortion.
  2. The right to privacy.
  3. The right of the person not to be tried based on unlawfully gained evidence.

ANSWERED AT 18/02/2020 - 04:45 PM

QUESTION POSTED AT 18/02/2020 - 04:45 PM

What is the significance of the constitution beginning with we the people rather than we the states?

We the People” is in the very first sentence of the United States ... However, when the Constitution was ratified, some groups of people did not ... Why is “We the People” Important

ANSWERED AT 18/02/2020 - 04:32 PM

QUESTION POSTED AT 18/02/2020 - 04:32 PM

What two states were given permission to decide between slave and free as part of the Compromise of 1850? New Mexico Arizona Texas Utah


The two states that were given permission to decide between slave and free as part of the Compromise of 1850 were New Mexico and Utah.


As part of the Compromise of 1850, slavery was allowed in the new territories of Utah and New Mexico by appealing to the principle of popular sovereignty as a method to circumvent the Wilmot Amendment and decide whether it was allowed within the borders of these new territories. In practice, these lands were inappropriate for agricultural plantations and their colonization was not properly of slave origin.

ANSWERED AT 18/02/2020 - 03:39 PM

QUESTION POSTED AT 18/02/2020 - 03:39 PM

Many subject peoples began to feel discontent with their imperial masters during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In addition to nationalism, which one of the following reasons best explains why they felt that way? A. colonialism- they wanted the opportunity to carve out overseas colonies and territories B. freedom-they wanted self-rule and independence C. imperialism-they wanted to dominate their neighbors and build their own empires D. communism-they wanted a world in which the workers were in charge

The best answer from the choices is letter B.

B. Freedom-they wanted self-rule and independence

Thank you for posting your question here at Brainly. Feel free to ask more questions. The best and most correct answer among the choices provided by the question is Hope my answer would be a great help for you.


ANSWERED AT 18/02/2020 - 03:14 PM

QUESTION POSTED AT 18/02/2020 - 03:14 PM

Which goal stated in the Preamble to the U.S. Constitution does the government fulfill when it builds roads and schools?


We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity), do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.


Promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity: This is the goal stated in the preamble fulfilled by the government when builds roads and schools, these new ¨benefits¨ were made and are meant to be used by everybody, generating advantages and improving the life´s quality of all the people, in this exact point it´s being materialized the fact to promote general welfare.

These goods and benefits (roads and schools) are intended to endure over time, since they are considered as new ways to evolve and improve as a society, for this reason, these new works will be guaranteeing the same benefits to new and future generations.

ANSWERED AT 18/02/2020 - 02:57 PM

QUESTION POSTED AT 18/02/2020 - 02:57 PM