1- The correct answer is D, as the initial effects of the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were the destruction of both cities leaving only a few structures standing. Both cities were in ruins. Approximately 69% of the buildings in Hiroshima and Nagasaki were destroyed.
2- The correct answer is A. Many Americans approved of the use of atomic weapons on Japan despite their destructive power because they believed it would shorten the war and ultimately save American lives. In 1945 up to 85% of Americans supported the use of the nuclear bombs, since they believed that a strict and devastating bombing was the only way to force Japan to surrender without sacrificing more American lives.
3- The correct answer is A. The Potsdam Declaration issued the ultimatum to Japan that it must surrender immediately to Allied forces. Published on July 26, 1945, the declaration stipulated that if Japan did not surrender, it would face "prompt and total destruction."