The correct answers are as follows:
1. The traits that are used during the pre-writing process include the following: IDEAS AND ORGANISATION.
The process of writing is divided into five stages, which are pre-writing, drafting, revision, editing and publishing. Pre writing is the first step in the writing process and it involves writing down the major ideas and outlining them, that is, organizing them step by step, the way they will be treated in the write up.
2. Conventions are THE USE OF PROPER SPELLING, PUNCTUATION, CAPITALIZATION, AND GRAMMAR.
The correct option is D.
In essay writing, writing convention include spelling, punctuation, capitalization and grammatical structure. Proper use of convention make an essay clear and understandable to readers.