A scientist has a pea plant with yellow seeds. It has one allele for yellow seeds (Y) and one for green seeds (y). Which describes the genotype of the pea plant? yellow seeds green seeds homozygous heterozygous

QUESTION POSTED AT 29/05/2020 - 01:13 AM

Answered by admin AT 29/05/2020 - 01:13 AM

Answer: heterozygous

Explanation:

The genotype of an organism is its genetic makeup which is characterized by the presence of alleles of a gene.

The genotype can be broadly of two types :

1. Heterozygous - when an individual has 2 different variants of a gene known as alleles, then the person is said to be heterozygous for that gene.

2. Homozygous - if both the alleles of a gene are the same, then the person is said to be homozygous.

Since in the given situation you have two different alleles - yellow and green represented by Y and y, the individual is heterozygous.

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